Cultivation of Chinese cabbage
Common name: Chinese cabbage
Chinese cabbage, also known as bok choy or pak choi, is a fleshy green leafy plant native to Asia. It has a shape similar to that of a romaine lettuce, with white ribs and a wider base. The leaves are crunchy and offer a mild, slightly sweet flavor.
Chinese cabbage prefers cool to moderately warm climates, with temperatures between 10°C and 25°C. It requires sun exposure for at least 6 hours a day. The ideal soil for Chinese cabbage is rich in organic matter, well-drained and slightly acidic, with a pH between 6 and 7.
Chinese cabbage seeds can be sown directly in the ground or previously in the nursery to be transplanted later. Sow the seeds to a depth of about 1 cm and space them about 30 cm apart. Be sure to keep the soil moist during germination.
Water the Chinese cabbage regularly to keep the soil moist, but avoid overwatering which can cause root rot. Mulch the soil to conserve moisture and prevent weed growth. Fertilize the plant every two weeks with a balanced nitrogen-rich fertilizer.
Harvesting of Chinese cabbage can begin about 45 to 60 days after planting, when the outer leaves are well developed. Cut the leaves at the base with a sharp knife and let the inner leaves continue to grow for a second harvest.
Diseases and pests:
The main diseases that can affect Chinese cabbage are root rot, black rot and damping off. To prevent these diseases, be sure to maintain good air circulation, avoid excess humidity and do not plant too densely. Common pests include aphids, caterpillars and slugs, which can be controlled by organic methods or the use of natural products.
Chinese cabbage can be propagated by seed. Let a few plants go to seed at the end of the season and collect the seeds for future sowing.
For optimal Chinese cabbage growth, keep the soil well-amended with organic matter and rotate crops to avoid soil diseases. You can also protect young plants from pests by using protective nets or cloches.
Cultivation of Chinese cabbage in your garden can be a rewarding experience. This crisp, green leafy vegetable offers delicious flavor and is a key ingredient in many Asian recipes. By following the growing tips mentioned above, you will be able to successfully grow Chinese cabbage in your own garden space. Enjoy its freshness and culinary versatility, adding it to your stir fries, soups, salads and many other dishes. Don’t forget to share your harvest with friends and family and savor the goodness of a vegetable grown with love in your home. Happy cultivation!