Common name: Turnip
Turnip is a vegetable belonging to the Brassicaceae family. It is characterized by a round or cylindrical edible root, white, purple or yellow in color, and a slightly toothed green leaf. It is cultivated for its root, which is used in many culinary recipes.
Turnips prefer cool climates, with temperatures between 10°C and 20°C. They grow best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. The ideal soil pH is neutral to slightly acidic, around 6.0 to 7.5.
Turnips can be sown directly in the ground, from spring until autumn. Prepare the soil by loosening it and enriching it with compost. Sow the seeds about 1 to 2 centimeters deep, spacing them 5 to 10 centimeters apart.
Turnips need regular watering to keep the soil moist. Be careful not to overwater to prevent root rot. Regularly remove weeds to avoid resource competition. You can also mulch the soil to keep moisture constant and reduce weed growth.
Turnips can be harvested about 8 to 12 weeks after sowing, when the roots reach a size of about 5 to 10 centimeters in diameter. To check their maturity, gently pull on the leaves: if they come off easily, the turnips are ready to be harvested. Pull them out of the ground, holding them by the leaves.
Diseases and pests:
Common diseases that affect turnips are root rot, mildew and powdery mildew. To prevent these problems, avoid excess humidity, properly space the plants and ensure an adequate crop rotation. Pests such as flea beetles, slugs and aphids can also damage turnips. Use biological control methods or appropriate treatments if necessary.
Turnips propagate by seed. You can harvest the seeds at the end of the growing season by letting a few plants go to seed. Dry the seeds and store them in a cool, dry place until the next planting season.
When cooking turnips, remember that the smaller roots have a milder flavor, while the larger ones can be slightly bitter. You can eat them raw, in salads, or steam them, roast them, boil them or gratinate them. Turnip greens are also edible and can be used in soups or stir fries. Experiment with different recipes to discover the culinary delights turnips can offer.
In summary, turnips are an easy-to-grow root vegetable that prefer cool climates and well-drained soils. With the right growing conditions, regular watering, and proper attention to disease and pests, you can harvest tasty roots in just a few months. Don’t forget to explore the many culinary possibilities offered by the turnip and let your creativity run free in the kitchen!
We hope this turnip grow sheet was helpful to you. Good culture and good appetite!